Information

Australian State Laws of Power-assisted Pedal Cycles (AB category)
Power-assisted Pedal Cycles (PAPC) and Pedalecs

The eRider / Mondia conducted a search on the websites* of the local Australian Governments regarding the legislations and road rules governing Power-assisted Pedal Cycles (PAPC) and Pedalecs.  Based on our understanding, relevant information has been extracted for the stipulation of the following Table for easy reference.

As we are not legal experts, please consult your local authorities for the most updated and correct interpretation of Australian State Laws governing the use of PAPC and/or Pedalecs. Should you learn about any new developments of this subject matter and/or find any incorrect understanding of the Australian State Laws on our part, please kindly advise (info@erider.com).  Many thanks!


Reference Table: Power-assisted Pedal Cycles (PAPC) and Pedalecs

1 Serial by Alphabetic Order (A) (B) (C)
2 Local Australian Government New South Wales Northern Territory Queensland
3 Types of Bicycle Power-
assisted
Cycle
Pedalec Power-
assisted
Cycle
Pedalec Power-
assisted
Cycle
Pedalec
4 Also known as Electric power-
assisted
pedal cycle
Pedalec Powered cycle Motorised bicycle Pedalec
5 Primary Power Human Power Human Power Pedals as a means of propulsion Pedals be the primary source of power Pedals be the primary source of power
6 Assisted Power Auxiliary motor(s) Motor Engine or motor Pedals must be used to keep the motor operating
7 Combined max. power output (Watt) ≤ 200 ≤ 200 ≤ 200
8 Rider Age
9 Rider Licence 0 0 0 0
10 Bike Registration 0 0 0 0 0
11 3rd Party Insurance 0 0
 
12 EN15194 Meet EC EN15194
13 Motor Type Electric Electric
14 Max. continuous power output ≤ 250 ≤ 250
15 Speed (max.)
16 Motor Activation Pedal the cycle to activate the motor Pedals must be used to keep the motor operating
17 Optional low-speed start-up mode Allow motor to power the cycle up to 6km/h (activated by user either when riding w/o pedalling; or by pushing
18 Power cut-off ≥ 25 km/h ≥ 25 km/h
19 stop pedalling
20 Certification By manufacturer
21 Label manufacturer’s name
22 motor’s cut-off speed in km/h
23 motor's continuous rated power in watts
24 Label Location Have permanent marking on vehicle showing compliant with the standard
25 Road Rules
26 Helmet 1 1 1 1 1
27 Bell or horn (audible warning device) 1 1 1 1 1
28 At least 1 effective brake 1 1 1 1 1
29 When riding at night
30 White light at the front, visible for 200m 1 1 1 1 1
31 Red light at the back, visible for 200m 1 1 1 1 1
32 Red reflector at the back, visible for 50m 1 1 1 1 1
33 Remarks:

In this Table:
Police may ask rider to provide evidence that power output of the PAPC does not exceed limit.
Empty Cell = Not mentioned All regulations re to bicycles apply.
0 = Requirement waived Effective: 2012-12-28
1 = Requirement needed

1 Serial by Alphabetic Order (D) (E) (F)
2 Local Australian Government South Australia Tasmania Victoria
3 Types of Bicycle Power-
assisted
Cycle
Pedalec Power-
assisted
Cycle
Pedalec Power-
assisted
Cycle
Pedalec
4 Also known as Power-
assisted
Pedal Cycle
Pedalec Low powered motorised scooters * Pedalec
5 Primary Power Pedals must be the main means of propulsion Pedals must be the main means of propulsion Pedals as its main source of power Pedal to obtain help from auxiliary motor(s)
6 Assisted Power Must pedal to access power.
NO throttle.
Motor may operate w/o pedalling up to 6 km/h.
One or more auxiliary propulsion motors One or more auxiliary propulsion motors
7 Combined max. power output (Watt) ≤ 200 ≤ 200 ≤ 200
8 Rider Age
9 Rider Licence 0 0 0 0
10 Bike Registration 0 0 0 0
11 3rd Party Insurance 0 0
 
12 EN15194 Meet EC EN15194 Meet EC EN15194
13 Motor Type Electric
14 Max. continuous power output ≤ 250 ≤ 250
15 Speed (max.) ≤ 25 km/h & requires rider to pedal to access the power
16 Motor Activation Power is controlled by a throttle or accelerator Pedal to Access the Power Pedal

NOT propelled by motor alone
17 Optional low-speed start-up mode Motor may operate without pedaling up to 6km/h.
18 Power cut-off ≥ 25 km/h
19 stops pedalling
20 Certification By manufacturer
21 Label manufacturer’s name
22 motor’s cut-off speed in km/h
23 motor's continuous rated power in watts
24 Label Location On bicycle's frame immediately adjacent to the crank.
25 Road Rules
26 Helmet 1 1 1 1 1 1
27 Bell or horn (audible warning device) 1 1 1 1 1 1
28 At least 1 effective brake 1 1 1 1 1 1
29 When riding at night
30 White light at the front, visible for 200m 1 1 1 1 1 1
31 Red light at the back, visible for 200m 1 1 1 1 1 1
32 Red reflector at the back, visible for 50m 1 1 1 1 1 1
33 Remarks:

In this Table:
Has an adjustable seat. * Only "Low powered motorised
   scooters" are mentioned.

* Treated as foot-powered scooters.

* Not classified as vehicle.
Must pedal to obtain help from motor(s) and cannot simply be propelled by motor alone.
Empty Cell = Not mentioned
0 = Requirement waived
1 = Requirement needed

1 Serial by Alphabetic Order (G) (H) (I)
2 Local Australian Government Western Australia ADR - Definitions A ADR - Definitions B
3 Types of Bicycle Power-
assisted
Cycle
Pedalec Power-
assisted
Cycle
Pedalec Power-
assisted
Cycle
Pedalec
4 Also known as Power-assisted pedal cycle (PAPC) Pedalec Power-assisted pedal cycle (AB) Pedalec Power-assisted pedal cycle (AB) Pedalec
5 Primary Power Rider is pedalling Western Australia is in the process of altering laws specific to PAPC which have a 250 watt power output to align with these changes and should be completed in 2014.

No updates could be found (up to 2015 May).
Pedal Pedal Pedal to access power
6 Assisted Power Motor providing assistance when pedalling One or more auxiliary propulsion motors One or more auxiliary propulsion motors
7 Combined max. power output (Watt) ≤ 200 ≤ 200
8 Rider Age ≥ 16
9 Rider Licence 0
10 Bike Registration
11 3rd Party Insurance
 
12 EN15194 Meet EC EN15194 Meet EC EN15194
13 Motor Type
14 Max. continuous power output ≤ 250
15 Speed (max.) ≤ 25 km/h
16 Motor Activation Motor providing assistance when pedalling
17 Optional low-speed start-up mode
18 Power cut-off
19
20 Certification
21 Label
22
23
24 Label Location
25 Road Rules
26 Helmet 1
27 Bell or horn (audible warning device) 1
28 At least 1 effective brake 1
29 When riding at night
30 White light at the front, visible for 200m 1
31 Red light at the back, visible for 200m 1
32 Red reflector at the back, visible for 50m 1
33 Remarks:

In this Table:
PAPC's engine capacity > 200 W = motobike; it must be registered and rider be licenced. Officially known as:
Power-assisted Pedal Cycle
(AB category)
Empty Cell = Not mentioned Free on train & ferry.
0 = Requirement waived Age 9 riders should be closely supervised. Short form: PAPC
1 = Requirement needed

 

* Source Links:

1

http://www.rms.nsw.gov.au/roads/registration/unregistered.html#Exemptionsfromregistration

2

http://www.rms.nsw.gov.au/documents/roads/safety-rules/standards/vsi-27-mopeds-power-assisted-pedal-cycles.pdf

3

http://www.transport.nt.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0018/19611/V56-Motorised-scooters-and-power-assisted-cycles-Dec-2012.pdf

4

http://www.tmr.qld.gov.au/Registration/Registering-vehicles/Wheelchairs-and-small-devices/Motorised-foot-scooters-and-motorised-bicycles.aspx

5

https://www.sa.gov.au/topics/transport-travel-and-motoring/cycling/riding-a-power-assisted-bicycle

6

https://www.sa.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0015/13614/MR1135-Power-Assisted-Bicycles-Factsheet-2.14.pdf

7

http://www.transport.tas.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0017/47123/Road_Rules_-_Motorised_Scooters.pdf

8

https://www.vicroads.vic.gov.au/safety-and-road-rules/cyclist-safety/power-assisted-bicycles

9

http://www.transport.wa.gov.au/mediaFiles/active-transport/AT_CYC_P_cycling_and_the_law.pdf

10

http://www.comlaw.gov.au/Details/F2014C00051

11

http://www.comlaw.gov.au/Details/F2012L01123/Explanatory%20Statement/Text

12

http://www.transport.nt.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/38102/section2.pdf